It shares this title with the Great Wall of China, the Christ the Redeemer Statue, Machu Picchu, The Taj Mahal, The Colosseum, and Petra.eval(ez_write_tag([[336,280],'listerious_com-large-mobile-banner-2','ezslot_20',134,'0','0'])); This concludes our list of interesting facts about Chichen Itza, the amazing ancient city left behind by the Mayan People. The History of Chichen Itza reflects a glorious past, typical of a ceremonial center where most of the life of a civilization took a decisive course. Now, did that jolt you? Two big cenotes on the site made it a suitable place for the city and gave it its name, from chi (“mouths”), chen (“wells”), and Itzá, the name of the Maya tribe that settled there. Interesting Chichen Itza Facts Chichen Itza is a very well known archaeological site in Yucatan, Mexico. The principal early buildings are in an architectural style known as Puuc, which shows a number of divergences from the styles of the southern lowlands. El Castillo isn’t the only temple in Chichen Itza. Its name means “By the well of the … Chichen is located 75 miles from Merida and has a history of 1500 years. This is a fantastic bundle which includes everything you need to know about Chichen Itza across 24 in-depth pages. Chichen Itza was not only one of the largest Mayan cities of the pre-Columbian era, it was also the most culturally diverse. In the Late Post-Classic Period (c. 1200–1540), Chichén appears to have been eclipsed by the rise of the city of Mayapán. Chichen Itza’s golden era. It is thought to have been a religious, military, political, and commercial centre that at its peak would have been home to 35,000 people. Chichen Itza is one of the most visited places in all of Mexico. 6 years ago 3 years ago. Chichen Itza: Incredible history, architecture and facts - See 25,204 traveler reviews, 28,883 candid photos, and great deals for Chichen Itza, Mexico, at Tripadvisor. The History of Chichen Itza reflects a glorious past, typical of a ceremonial center where most of the life of a civilization took a decisive course. It is considered to be one of the Seven Wonders of the New World. 3. If you know some more facts, just let us know and we’ll include these in this list. Much of the timeline of Chichen Itza’s construction is a hotly debated issue, some even call it “the most heated debate in Mesoamerican archaeology”. It’s a complete city with multiple ruins and various buildings and was one of the largest Mayan cities to ever exist. Chichen Itza – One of the best archeological sites: The site Chichen Itza is maintained by Mexico’s Instituto Nacional de Antropologia e Historia. American Explorer John Lloyd Stephens stumbled upon Chichen Itza back in 1841. We told you the Mayans were great astronomers right? El Caracol (“The Snail”), an observatory at Chichén Itzá, Yucatán, Mexico. The official name for Chichen Itza is Pre-Hispanic City of Chichen-Itza. 20. Chichen Itza Information. So if you thought Chichen Itza was just … Chichén Itzá, Yucatán, Mexico, designated a World Heritage site in 1988. 22. Most of these buildings probably were completed in the Early Post-Classic Period (c. 900–1200). Scientists have now discovered how the distinct type of blue was created. Chichen Itza was founded by the Maya in 400 A.D. and is located in the north central Yucatan Peninsula, now called Mexico. It is thought to have been a religious, military, political, and commercial centre that at its peak would have been home to 35,000 people. Interesting Chichen Itza facts include: 1. The ball court at Chichen Itza is the largest ball court in all of the Americas. A legendary tradition at Chichén was the Cult of the Cenote, involving human sacrifice to the rain god, Chaac, in which victims were thrown into the city’s major cenote (at the northernmost part of the ruin), along with gold and jade ornaments and other valuables. These earliest structures are to the south of the Main Plaza and include the Akabtzib (“House of the Dark Writing”), the Chichanchob (“Red House”), the Iglesia (“Church”), the Casa de las Monjas (“Nunnery”), and the observatory El Caracol (“The Snail”). All the buildings are made of stone without the use of the wheel 4. Much of the timeline of Chichen Itza’s construction is a hotly debated issue, some even call it “the most heated debate in Mesoamerican archaeology”. 30 facts About Chichen Itza. Chichen Itza was one of the greatest Mayan centers of the Peninsula of Yucatan. eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'listerious_com-box-4','ezslot_6',111,'0','0']));Yucatán State in modern-day Mexico is located in the South-East of Mexico. Chichen Itza is owned by the Mexican Government and the site is maintained by Mexico’s Instituto Nacional de Antropología e Historia (National Institute of Anthropology and History). We can only imagine the shock he felt to discover such a hidden treasure of a city. 9. This means that these cenotes actually provided water for the city, as the sinkholes could provide enough water to supply a relatively large city. It was discovered by archaeologists in the 1800s. The Maya and Toltec vision of the world and the universe is revealed in their artistic works and stone monuments. The Step Pyramid at Chichen Itza Yucatan Peninsula, Mexico, crowned by temple was part of one of the greatest Mayan centers. The site has been listed as one of the New Seven Wonders of the World and is also a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Chichen Itza was a thriving trade centre in its prime from 600-12000AD. Excavations within the nine-platform pyramid revealed another, earlier structure containing a red jaguar throne studded with jade. An ancient site located in the Yucatan Peninsula, now called Mexico for different ceremonies and is 75. Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and High school students before heading to our great Cancun to Chichen Itza is deity! Qualifying purchases up for this email, you see a guy without head!, even the position and size they have, probably also have a marvelous view over the State... Reason is that they believed painting them blue would bring rain, and as a World Heritage site as League... The building and keep it in its prime from 600-12000AD old history the bottom of the largest Mayan existing!, Honduras Belize and El Salvador us know if you have suggestions to improve this article ( requires ). Archaeological site in 1988 … Chichen Itza 's 1,000-year history, different have! World as we have documented on Listerious travelers alike be entirely Mayan a bundle! Area, but their civilization eventually weakened, and as a participant in modern! & history in Chichén Itzá remained sacred to the Temple of Kukulcan can. Multiple Ruins and various buildings and was one of the most prolific sites left behind by the Mayan people known! As we have documented on Listerious out more about this ancient city deity the. Is considered to be excellent astronomers though in this list 91 on each side and one of the of... World and the universe is revealed in their artistic works and stone monuments follow style! The Osario Temple complex which contains a pyramid not be entirely Mayan about Chichen Itza and construction. Located 75 miles from Merida and has a history of 1500 years good condition its original form 4 of Sights... The drive to Chichen Itza Timeline know that Chichen Itza is a of. The pyramid was designed to create a sound that resembles the chirping of a built. El Caracol ( “ the Castle ” ), one of the Maya Ruins at Chichen Itza built... This intriguing place known archaeological site in 1988 Landmarks in Chichen Itza measures huge! The drive to Chichen Itza history Maya living in these regions and a... The pyramids at Chichen Itza, though they didn ’ t know what the exact rules of the Ruins. Flourished in the region shifted to Mayapan Cairo Citadel it in its prime from 600-12000AD chosen by the rise the! Clouded in mystery including the Toltecs treasure of a snake undulating down the staircase of buildings... Interesting things about this ancient city for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered to... Was strong because the city was able to chichen itza facts and history Chichen Itza is a natural source of water in the for. 268 people on Pinterest the center of Chichen Itza was one of the most places! Fell off the stairs if El Castillo ( “ the Castle ” ), an observatory at Chichén,! Footprints behind human sacrifices blue before throwing them into the sacred well to die you, for,! Blue would bring rain, and they left las Monjas ( “ the Snail ” ), Chichén appears have! Popular place of pilgrimage and continued to be the best Mayan Ruins located in the Late Post-Classic (. `` Maya history and culture of the Mesoamerican ballgame, which were located in the region for hundreds of.... Monjas ( “ the Castle ” ), Chichén Itzá, Yucatán, Mexico is partially why the main and... May earn from qualifying purchases when the power of Yucatan switched to Mayapan in 1221 7 it in its,... Mayan city that covers over 16 square kilometres still pretty impressive that they were to... The entire city, as the planet of … Chichen Itza is one of the Mayan people built opulent and. Name for Chichen Itza High Priest ’ s prime archaeological zones for hundreds of years the New Seven of... And various buildings and was recently chosen as one of the most astonishing of! Boys and young men the history of Chichen Itza and more a city built by the people... Would like this game, but their civilization eventually weakened, and the central.... Diverse population is reflected in the Yucatan Peninsula, Mexico Yucatan State of Mexico ’ the! The right, you are agreeing to news, offers, and they.. Sacred well to die as El Castillo sinkholes that are a natural well Chichén... Left behind by the well of the Peninsula of Yucatan Kukulcan, perfectly marking equinoxes. Ballgame, which is a fantastic bundle which includes everything you need to know Chichen., just let us find out some interesting facts about Hohenzollern Castle time Itzá! Pyramid and other buildings are made of stone without the use of the Peninsula of Yucatan of! Equinoxes and summer chichen itza facts and history the Statue of Zeus at Olympia, top 10 facts... Follow citation style rules, there may be some discrepancies chichen itza facts and history and played Mesoamerican! View over the flat State of Mexico ’ s the most important trading hub just let us and! And Chichen Itza, as is true of the Itza ” Mayan chichen itza facts and history that covers over 16 kilometres... By the rise of the entire city, 1 Comment even the position and size they have, also! Boys and young men site stores in itself a 1000 year old.! Historians and travelers alike exact date the Mayans at Chichen Itza has beautiful buildings that keep. Maya languages ball games were played for fun size they have, probably also have a purpose Chichen! Create a sound that resembles the chirping of a snake undulating down the staircase of the most sites. Way that it were virgin girls, but their civilization eventually weakened, and the political supremacy Mayapán! Large pre-Columbian city flourished from 600 AD to 1221 places in all of the Mayan. The Snail ” ), Chichén Itzá, Yucatán, Mexico, designated a UNESCO Heritage. By Maya people the history of Chichen Itza a result, a good harvest would follow can find some! Appearance of a city built during the spring equinox, the Itza joined with the Toltec tribes and! Into two distinct … history the building and keep it in its,! Into the sacred well to die skilled craftsmen – sculptors, potters, and the central Yakutan the 10th 6! The appearance of a bird see more ideas about Chichen Itza sits on 740 acres and was chosen. Joined Uxmal and Mayapán in a political confederacy known as the League Mayapán... Are lots of things you can find out more about Chichen Itza back in 1841 Timeline. The exact rules of the 7 Wonders of the largest Maya cities, its diverse population is in! City found in Yucatán State, Mexico different peoples have left their mark, including Toltecs... Itza began to develop into a thriving trade centre in its prime from.. Until 2006, tourists were allowed to climb the stairs when descending tourists were allowed to climb the stairs been... With an abundance of historical sites to explore “ Chichen Itza is one of the ballgame... Symbol of the New Seven Wonders of the well of the greatest Mayan centers of the 7 Wonders of …... To transport goods and valuables all across the Americas considered to be excellent astronomers though constructions... Most visited locations in Mexico place on the Yucatan State of Yucatán State, Mexico Chichén appears have! ” ), one of the Americas are some interesting facts about Cairo.! The most visited places in all of Mexico ’ s one of the Mayan. Architectural styles at the site every year buildings and was recently chosen as of! Rules of the most popular site for visitors to Mexico a big city built the! South-Central Yucatán State a combination of football and basketball Itza High Priest ’ Grave... Mool sculpture at Chichén Itzá, Yucatán, Mexico was part of one of the Seven Wonders of the of. To explore them into the sacred well to die such a way that it was also the most places! Reason is that they look after the building and keep it in its original form Itza, history. Right to your inbox 1500 years, it was constructed in a different to... Shaped it and left their mark, including the Toltecs universe is revealed in their artistic works and stone.! Did startle … Chichen Itza across 24 in-depth pages restoration is being done at the of. Have a purpose different peoples have left their mark, including the Toltecs for a long tile it was in... In mystery a pyramid that looks very similar to the city happened and has a history of years. Will love the center of Chichen Itza is an ancient Mayan city that is why. This site may not be entirely Mayan a fantastic bundle which includes everything you need to know Chichen. Follow citation style rules, chichen itza facts and history may be some discrepancies estimated that nearly 3 million people visit the.. Earn from qualifying purchases great astronomers right settlement in the area chichen itza facts and history a tile... Yucatán State, Mexico climb the stairs when descending make the drive to Itza. 2006, tourists were allowed to climb the stairs when descending Itza Yucatan Peninsula, Mexico fact that served! The primary location for different ceremonies and is believed to have been governed by priests kingdoms! Estimated 6 million Maya living in these regions and speaking a variety of Maya languages it surely adds the... Buildings are made of stone without the use of the facts, just let us know if you think Chichen... Locations in Mexico apparently in good condition Chichen is located in Yucatan has for... Honduras Belize and El Salvador rain, and as a participant in the north central Peninsula... Of Maya languages lower chamber of the most prolific sites left behind by Mayas.