To tear down a statue of a Confederate figure is not to pretend they didn’t exist. “The vast majority of them were built between the 1890s and 1950s, which matches up exactly with the era of Jim Crow segregation.” According to the Southern Poverty Law Center’s research, the biggest spike was between 1900 and the 1920s. In Durham, North Carolina, activsts took down a monument. Hollerith says the organization has not reached out to discuss the issue with the cathedral. Twice a week we compile our most fascinating features and deliver them straight to you. Protesters gather on August 18 in front of the courthouse in Durham, North Carolina, where demonstrators toppled a Confederate statue days earlier. But The United Daughters of the Confederacy, which erected the monument in 1922, opposes that and is claiming in court the city does not have the rights to move the statue. A vast majority of Confederate statues and monuments were erected in the 20th century during periods of racial progress — primarily the early 1900s. The UDC does not seem too eager to rescue its monuments. "The unnamed goal of the organization was vindication: to vindicate these men from the defeat. The earliest members were women who lived during the Civil War or grew up in its aftermath, according to Cox, the University of North Carolina at Charlotte professor and author. "The Lost Cause" painting became an iconic image of a Confederate soldier returning to a devastated homestead, not to a plantation's mansion house Source: Morris Museum of Art, The Lost Cause(by Henry Mosler, 1869) Even before the Civil War ended, the first monuments were erected in Virginia to honor the soldiers and battles in which they fought. The statue fell to the ground and crumpled (video shown below). It is to say that we do not want to honor what they fought for. According to the Southern Poverty Law Center, which maintains a list of these monuments, the memorials are spread over 31 states plus the District of Columbia—far exceeding the 11 Confederate states that seceded at the outset of the Civil War. The group behind the Arlington monument—and, by some estimates, the majority of the 718 statues and monuments to the Confederacy that the Southern Poverty Law Center identified in April 2016—is the United Daughters of the Confederacy (UDC). And Governor Ralph Northam announced earlier that month that he planned to order the Robert E. Lee statue in Richmond—a former capital of the Confederacy—to be removed. A vast majority of Confederate statues and monuments were erected in the 20th century during periods of racial progress — primarily the early 1900s. Protesters and city officials have gradually taken down statues in multiple towns and cities. In contrast to the earlier memorials that mourned dead soldiers, these monuments tended to glorify leaders of the Confederacy like General Robert E. Lee, former President of the Confederacy Jefferson Davis and General “Thomas Stonewall” Jackson. The statue fell to the ground and crumpled (video shown below). But the following year, the UDC's Tennessee division sued Vanderbilt University because the school wanted to remove the word "confederate" from a residence hall even though the organization owned the naming rights, thanks to a 1933 gift. These commemorations tell a national story. The Sons of Confederate Veterans and, in a quieter way, the United Daughters of the Confederacy, the group that erected many of the monuments that are now the target of the biggest removal campaign in history, are pushing back by building new statues, buying land to house torn-down memorials, and ai The statue now stands in Oak Ridge Cemetery near Rochelle, southeast of Gainesville. Other organizations have been more vocal. May 31: Charles Linn, Alabama. HISTORY reviews and updates its content regularly to ensure it is complete and accurate. In fact, the group was responsible for creating what is basically the Mount Rushmore of the Confederacy: a gigantic stone carving of Davis, Lee and Jackson in Stone Mountain, Georgia. After Parler Ban, Rein in Big Tech Now or Cease Being Free Citizens, Confederate Debate Is Happening in Schools, Too, Confederate Statues Removed Overnight From UT-Austin, Democrat: Stone Mountain Confederate Memorial Has to Go, Confederate Statues Removed After Charlottesville. The study identified 1,747 publicly sponsored symbols honoring Confederate leaders, soldiers or the Confederate States of America in general. ", But Cox finds the group "pretty innocuous," she says. Wade Hampton III Monument erected November 20, 1906, by the United Daughters of the Confederacy and United Confederacy Veterans. As of 24 June 2020 , there are at least 205 public spaces with Confederate monuments in Texas. By then, the construction of new Confederate monuments had begun to taper off, but the backlash to the Civil Rights Movement was spreading Confederate symbols in other ways: In 1956, Georgia redesigned its state flag to include the Confederate battle flag; and in 1962, South Carolina placed the flag atop its capitol building. President Donald Trump has condemned the removals, most recently saying during a rally in Phoenix on Wednesday, "They're trying to take away our culture, they're trying to take away our history. The city also offered to move the statue to Salem Cemetery where more than 30 Confederate graves are located, but the Daughters of the Confederacy declined. Understand the context for the plaque outside Lee’s Brooklyn residence, placed there by the United Daughters of the Confederacy, as was the one on the tree outside the local church Lee attended. 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