To McClendon, the “horrible” battlefield offered “sad scenes” that “furnished food for reflection.” Although some tried to treat the tour as a frolic, no one who visited the battlefield that day would ever regard war in quite the same fashion as he had done before. He was mortally wounded a week later at the First Battle of Bull Run (or First Manassas as the Confederates called it). He commanded the first all-black regiment The 54th Massachusetts.) Albert Cashier, born "Jennie Hodgers," of the 95th Illinois Infantry, participated in more than forty engagements. First Lady Mary Todd Lincoln was the wife of Abraham Lincoln, the 16th president of the United States. Oates fondly remembered “the fife of old Hildebrand, and Jimmie Newberry’s and Pat Brannon’s drums, as they were heard at reveille and tattoo.” Colonel Cantey’s teamster also brought a smile to the men’s faces: He “was the only man connected with the regiment,” Oates said, “who could surpass the Colonel in profanity.” But camp life involved mostly endless marching and backbreaking work. Measles cut through the ranks of the 15th Alabama at the encampment like a biblical plague or the medieval Black Death. Medal of Honor. Soldiers Playing Cards on a Blanket . After the initial symptoms, their condition generally worsened. After June 1864, black soldiers who had been free men before the war were paid the same as whites, but recently freed slaves who joined the army’s ranks did not get the raise. But in Heroes and Cowards: The Social Face of War, by Dora L. Costa and Mat­thew E. Kahn, this unusual conceptual approach comes across as downright riveting. At each stop, Gus McClendon, one of Oates’s privates in Company G, remembered that “the patriotic ladies and beautiful Virginia girls would be gathered…to welcome us, distributing their fruits and flowers and cheering us on with expressions of delight when informed we were from Alabama.”, It took all day for the train to reach Manassas Junction, where the men of the 15th Alabama got off the cars, formed ranks, and marched about five miles from the station to an old field called Pageland, a flat open plain just north of Warrenton Turnpike where the Page family had intended to build a mansion and develop a plantation. There are many answers to this question, not always involving ideological passions and patriotism. As Congress and the White House battle to resolve the nation's debt crisis, a legendary letter written 150 years ago this week by a Civil War soldier on … Please note that the Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System contains just an index of the men who served in the Civil War with only rudimentary information from the service records (including name, rank and … ungrateful humanity; we hear him abused the remaining six [hours of the day].”. 10 Andre Cailloux. Black Troops Sleep well, Judas.” ― Mark Millar, Civil … There were probably worse places to die than under those high trees (heavenly trees, the locals call them) or in the peaceful fields surrounding the church or in the quiet chancel of St. Paul’s in Haymarket. Prisoners of War Later in the war the soldiers denominated such rumors as ‘grapevine telegrams’ and paid no attention to them.” In the loneliness of an army camp, with thousands of fellow soldiers all around, some of the men, Oates claimed, died of homesickness. General Thomas Jonathan “Stonewall” Jackson fought brilliantly from First Bull … Alfred Packer was a former Civil War soldier who later became a prospector and wilderness guide and was... Albert Woolson:. Haymarket was not unique in the autumn of 1861, for there were hospital sites just like the one at St. Paul’s near practically every army camp, Union and Confederate, from Virginia to Texas. About 2.75 million soldiers fought in the Civil War — 2 million for the North and 750,000 for the South. The noise of camp—officers shouting, feet plodding on dry sod, bugles blowing, drums tapping—echoed over Pageland in one vast discord of sound. It was composed of the 2nd, 6th, and 7th Wisconsin Infantry regiments, the 19th Indiana Infantry, 24th Michigan Infantry, and Battery B of the 4th U.S. Light Artillery. Robert Gould Shaw (1837 – 1863) Shaw was a colonel in the Union Army. What William C. Oates and the boys of the 15th Alabama learned in the late summer and autumn 1861 was a lesson learned by every soldier in every war. Despite the arduous regularity of drilling every day for at least four hours, the men did have some respite and moments of gaiety and laughter. The 15th Alabama’s was set up at Haymarket, a little village of a handful of houses and shops 10 miles west of Manassas Junction. Usually, Yankees banked on hardtack and coffee, while their counterparts tried to get by on corn bread and coffee. Buffalo Bill Cody earned his nickname by hunting and killing over 4,000 buffalo, and his status as an Old West legend was cemented with his traveling Wild West show. The authors do not neglect the complex questions concerning why humans are willing to risk their own lives to fight and kill other humans. As the train carrying the 15th Alabama passed through little hamlets—places no bigger or even smaller than Abbeville, the county seat where Oates had mustered in the Henry Pioneers—on its ambling journey north, Virginians stood by the tracks cheering the soldiers and waving their hats and handkerchiefs. Of every 1,000 Feder-als, 112 were wounded; 150 of every 1,000 Confederates were hit. In the Civil War, measles was by far, as Oates himself declared, “the worst enemy of our army,” for it spread rapidly among the adult soldiers who had developed no immunity to the disease and who could do nothing to fight it. Disease and primitive medical knowledge were the Civil War soldier’s worst enemies. In spite of the warnings of officers, bouts of drinking and especially gambling broke out. During their first summer of service in the Confederate army, William C. Oates and his comrades of the 15th Alabama Infantry Regiment watched as the first casualties dropped from their ranks, not from wounds inflicted by their Federal foes but from the deadlier onslaught of microbes and viruses in their camp. “At the time,” wrote McClendon, “I was full of malice and hatred for the ‘Boys in Blue’ and was just as anxious to kill him as he was to kill me, yet when I would stop and take a second thought, and gaze upon those little mounds I could truthfully say of the dead ‘Boy in Blue’ that sometime, and somewhere, he had been ‘somebody’s darling.’ ” When the men walked solemnly back to Pageland and reached their camp, they thought their short journey had showed them the worst of war. Our line of historical magazines includes America's Civil War, American History, Aviation History, Civil War Times, Military History, MHQ: The Quarterly Journal of Military History, Vietnam, Wild West and World War II. Frederick Grant. No wonder, then, that the war has been the subject of so many dramatic films and documentaries. Others were given beds of straw and hay under the only protection available—the tall trees that shaded the yard around the church. By the end of the Civil War, the New Model Army had a ratio of one pikeman to two musketeers. Local Identifier: 111-B-499. The Civil War × Contact Us. By the time the Civil War began in 1861, Frederick Douglass was one of the most famous Black men in the United States—a prominent voice for freedom, human rights and social reform. Company and battalion drill, said Oates, was the daily occupation. In response to the hardships imposed upon their fellow citizens by the war, governments and civilians on both sides mobilized to provide comfort, encouragement, and material … Few of the men who got sick in their camps recovered from their illnesses; most who contracted measles or mumps or whooping cough or typhoid—or any of the other highly contagious and highly lethal diseases that sliced through Civil War armies—died without ever really understanding what had happened to them or why they had to die. A list of over 20 famous and influential figures in the American Civil War (1861 – 1865) Includes politicians, generals, soldiers, spies and social activists. Four infantry regiments … We find, all else being equal, that the men who en­listed tended to come from poorer towns. Both sides loved dime novels and the Bible. During the war… Had the authors chosen to make the book primarily a scholarly examination of data and information, it wouldn’t have been accessible to the average Civil War buff. Both sides were moved by the heartbreaking tune ‘Home Sweet Home.’. A Yankee stood a 1 in 8 chance of dying due to illness and a 1 in 18 chance of dying in battle. (While the war … Due to the lack of a vaccine and effective treatments, few men who were infected survived the illness. Compiling casualty figures for Civil War soldiers is a complex process. Many sociologists, psychologists and military historians have said that soldiers’ primary motive for going into battle is frequently intense loyalty to a small group of comrades. She was known for her intelligence and ability to take solo trips. Joseph Benton Sawyer, a veteran of the Civil War and a survivor of the battle of Franklin and the Civil War. The Civil War was the bloodiest conflict in American history, turning brother against brother and devastating large regions of the country. A Civil War book full of charts, graphs and tables, even when it is com­bined with intriguing human interest profiles of soldiers who fought in our nation’s epic four-year struggle, can be a risky undertaking for any author. While Gus McClendon was on guard duty one day, a little girl gave him a Bible as a present, all carefully inscribed with the girl’s name. The preacher handed out Bibles to the men, but only if they would promise to carry the Good Book with them, which many of them did. Some data has been edited due to new research since the original article was published. Approximately 179,000 black soldiers wore the blue; 37,000 lost their lives. The men walked over the ground with expressions of awe and wonder on their faces. Later in the war, increasing numbers of Federal soldiers fought to abolish slavery, if for no other reason than to end the war quickly. The amount of blood shed during the American Civil War is so astronomical that it's almost unthinkable. Buy 100% genuine leather Civil War Winter Soldier Jacket from famousmoviejackets.com with the fastest shipping around the world. Famous Civil War Soldiers Mark Twain:. In 1866, six regiments of African descent soldiers were established in the regular army. Johnny Reb and Billy Yank loved to sing–on the march, in camp, and sometimes even in battle. Maj. Sullivan Ballou fought as a Union soldier with the 2nd Rhode Island Regiment at the First Battle of Bull Run (also known as The First Battle of Manassas). Mess Time All civil war paintings ship within 48 hours and include a 30-day money-back guarantee. Some famous Civil War guerrillas include Jesse James and William Quantrill. Jefferson Davis was a 19th century U.S. senator best known as the president of the Confederate States of America during the Civil War. To fill the hours, Yanks and Rebels wrote letter after letter to family, friends, and sweethearts. As Gus McClendon remembered: “The fatigue duty consisted of policing the camp, looking after its sanitary condition, cutting and hauling wood, and going with the forage and commissary wagons to the depot at Manassas Junction, to assist in loading them with the supplies for man and beast.”, With the camp less than two miles from the fields where the Battle of Manassas had been fought, Oates decided to take Company G and some other men from the regiment on a tour of the ground. He also encouraged his troops to seek equal pay with white soldiers. Then, on August 21, the regiment received orders to proceed to the front. Pretty good adaptation of a very good book. At this bridge, Union troops under General Ambrose Burnside took heavy casualties. 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