Explain Serialization

By | May 21, 2014

Wikipedia Definition

In the context of data storage and transmission, serialization is the process of saving an object onto a storage medium (such as a file, or a memory buffer) or to transmit it across a network connection link in binary form. The series of bytes or the format can be used to re-create an object that is identical in its internal state to the original object (actually, a clone). 

This process of serializing an object is also called deflating or marshalling an object. The opposite operation, extracting a data structure from a series of bytes, is deserialization (which is also called inflating or unmarshalling).

Serialization is the process of converting the state of an object into a form that can be persisted or transported. The complement of serialization is deserialization, which converts a stream into an object. Together, these processes allow data to be easily stored and transferred.

Serialization of Objects
To serialize a object means to save the state of the object, prequisite is the state has not to be transient i.e. the resource which are O.S. and it is per process.
Serialization of Objects mean to store the value of an object at any given point of time. For example when you use MS Paint to draw certain figures and save them, then you actually serialize the state of the object(figure) when saving.

Uses for serialization

Why would you want to use serialization? The two most important reasons are to persist the state of an object to a storage medium so an exact copy can be re-created at a later stage, and to send the object by value from one application domain to another
Serialization is used in many scenarios, but the main purpose is to save the state of an object in order to have the ability to recreate the same object when required. It is an important to let the user save work and then be able to continue from that point at a later time. This is a common need in various tools and applications. Serialization is also used in creating a clone of an object.

Another important need for serialization arises when the object is required to travel electronically over wire. In such cases the objects are serialized and deserialized. In fact, serialization is one of the fundamental requirements for techniques such as .NET Remoting.

Even the hibernation mode in the Windows Operating system can be considered a form of serialization.

Serialization in .Net

The .NET Framework features two serializing technologies:

  • Binary SerializationDuring Binary Serialization, the public and private fields of the object and the name of the class, including the assembly containing the class, are converted to a stream of bytes, which is then written to a data stream. When the object is subsequently deserialized, an exact clone of the original object is created.
  • XML and SOAP Serialization
    XML serialization converts (serializes) the public fields and properties of an object, or the parameters and return values of methods, into an XML stream that conforms to a specific XML Schema definition language (XSD) document. XML serialization results in strongly typed classes with public properties and fields that are converted to a serial format (in this case, XML) for storage or transport
    The simplest way to make a class serializable in C# is to mark it with the Serializable attribute as shown below.

public class MyObject {
public int n1 = 0;
public int n2 = 0;
public String str = null;

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